In the midst of the heroic fight against phylloxera era, it was discovered that the harmful bug was hibernating on the vine’s roots during the winter period. Therefore, some people came up with the concept to drown the opponent by immersing (= “Submersion” in French) the vines wherever it was possible. From that point, started what was called the “race to submersion” (la “course à la submersion”), which largely affected areas in the South of France, specifically the low plains of the Hérault, Aude, Gard, and Bouches du Rhônes.
A few hectares of these “submersible” vines still exist today on the Mediterranean coast. The Camargue is probably the best-known location, where some vintners still occasionally flood their vines voluntarily in the winter.
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