‘Bush Vine’ also called ‘Gobelet’

A ‘bush vine’ is a type of vine training also called ‘Gobelet’ in France and some other countries. The name comes from the resemblance of the vine trained this way with a bush. This is due to a short trunk training that keep the vine close to the ground. It is usually not trained with a trellis and is conducted as a small tree. It is often pruned to keep only few spurs arranged in a ring of short arms around the trunk where the vine shoots will tend to naturally droop down.

The interest of this type of vine training is that it offers shadows to the grapes to avoid sunburn in hot areas (for example in the South of France). Another advantage of this system is that it is simple to put in place, easy to maintain and consequently inexpensive overall.

‘Gobelet’ vine field

However, a disadvantage of this system is that it is not suitable for mechanization.  Another problem of this vine training is that it can promote the vigour (especially vegetative growth) of the vine as well as the development of fungal diseases. Therefore, it is especially adapted to hot and arid conditions that will naturally restrict the vine vigour but not suited to wet areas because the lack of aeration within the canopy will not be sufficient enough and will offer a humid environment favorable to the development of diseases.

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